Show MoreType One Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is a long-term disease of the pancreas gland, which is situated within the abdomen. Every cell in the body needs insulin (a hormone released in response to increased levels of sugar in the blood) in order for glucose (blood sugar) to be absorbed into the body's cells. If the body is deficient in insulin, then glucose will build up in the bloodstream. Type 1 diabetes can appear at any age. Every patient affected needs insulin injections to avoid the complications of insulin deficiency.
When the glucose level gets sufficiently high, it starts showing up in the urine.
Checking your own blood sugar is very important for being able to…show more content…
This is a process that starts with the very first insulin injection, and continues through to eating the right types and amounts of food and starting an exercise programme.
The hospital healthcare team dietitian, general practitioner and diabetic nurse are all on hand to give advice and guidance.
Ways to help yourself
Keep an eye on any signs indicating either high or low glucose levels.
Learn how to measure glucose levels and do it regularly. The most important piece of equipment is the home blood glucose meter, which enables you to measure your blood glucose levels and control your insulin dose.
Try to follow the diabetic diet as rigorously as possible.
Learn how to give yourself insulin injections. You are going to need them for the rest of your life.
Always carry glucose for the treatment of hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose). Occasionally, a glucagon injection may be necessary for severe hypoglycaemia.
See your doctor on a regular basis to evaluate your blood glucose levels, carry out check-ups on your eyes, kidneys and feet and check for any late stage diabetic symptoms.
See your doctor if you become seriously ill or if you have been diagnosed with any other disease.
Keep a 'diabetes diary' to note glucose levels, which you can then discuss with your doctor.
Physical activity is encouraged. But
Essay on Type 1 Diabetes
1276 Words6 Pages
Case study: Carol is 17 years old and was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes at the age of 7 years. Carol has had a recent hospital admission for dehydration and high blood glucose. During the admission Carol was found to be 6 weeks pregnant. Prior to the admission she had been experiencing weight loss and changes in mood.
Following Carol’s diagnosis, she would have been made aware of the pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes. Carol would have had explained the role of the immune system in the destruction of beta cells and development of type 1 diabetes. Following Carol’s recent hospital admission, she would have been informed of how the destruction of beta cells affects glucose regulation in the blood which would have brought on her recent…show more content…
It’s important the beta cells work and this insulin is released so that the body has access to this chemical when needed. People with Diabetes will struggle to naturally produce insulin due to autoimmunity (where the beta cells are destroyed by the immune system). Initially, this means having to maintain your blood glucose levels by injecting or eating sugary foods if your blood sugar levels drop.
When there are small amounts of insulin in the body and the levels drop, this leads to increased urine and blood glucose levels. Ways in which you can monitor your insulin levels is by being particularly cautious of the common symptoms associated with type 1 diabetes. When the brain is deprived of glucose the following symptoms begin to occur, these include urinating often, increased hunger and in Carol’s case weight loss and thirst.
The lack of blood glucose control can cause the experiencing of various signs and symptoms. In Carol’s case, these may have occurred either soon beforehand or throughout her hospital admission. The signs and symptoms which come along with lack of blood glucose control are excessive thirst, frequent urination, increased appetite, unexplained weight loss, hypoglycaemia and mood changes. All of these symptoms may come as unexplained occurrences, although they’re likely to be the cause of abnormal physiological processes, which is due to Carol’s disease – type 1 diabetes.
With Carol’s diagnosis we have to consider whether she’s